The Anomaly of Pangaea

One of the four big anomalies which the new catastrophism explains and which nothing else does, is the former super-continent, Pangaea. There is simply no reason to believe that the continental masses of the world should have ever simply ended up in one place for no particular reason. Further, assuming that the land masses had ended up in Pangaea 100 million years ago, that should have been a terminal condition; it should still be here.

Lynn Rose and a number of others have noted that the continental mass of the world would not end up in one place for no reason, and that it would have to be pulled into one place by some titanic force of attraction.

Rose notes that the antique solar-system alignment which did this also pulled the Earth itself into a spun cam, or egg-shape.

He notes that the Tethys sea is therefore an anomaly; if the land mass is pulled into one place by an attractive force, you expect it to be pulled into a circle or pie shape, and Pangaea was more like a pie with one wedge (Tethys) cut out and eaten.

Rose notes that Pangaea would have been sitting on top of the high (narrow) end of this former egg-shaped world, and that the world subsequently became spherical as it is now when the antique system broke up.

Picture my slicing a grapefruit in two and putting half of it on top of a basketball (my eggshaped world orbitting a small double star system with one pole pointed straight at the near star in perpetuity). Picture me mashing the grapefruit skin down on top of the basketball (the present sun capturing the old system, the Earth breaking into a much wider orbit of the sun with something like the present polar alignment).

I'm forcing the grapefruit skin to lie on a surface of less curvature; it's going to split. Tethys is thus seen as the split caused by the collapse of the former egg-shaped world into the present spherical one.

Aside from every other problem with Pangaea, it has been shown tht it would not fit on our present world and requires either a smaller world to lie on top of, or the high end of an egg-shaped world.

Among the comments to come in when my basic article on dinosaurs was published in "The Velikovskian" was the following:

"Are you aware of the "expanding earth" theory, which is an alternative to continental drift? In 1983 H.G. Owen published "Atlas of Continental Displacement, 200 Million Years to the Present" in the prestigious Cambridge Earth Science Series of the Cambridge University press (England). It is a book of maps that shows how the continents looked at various intervals in the past beginning 200 megayears ago. In Owen's words:

'In 1976 I presented a spherical geometric analysis of the bulk of the ocean floor spreading made available up to 1974. During this task, it was found that the continents would only fit together to form Pangea, according to geological evidence, when the Earth's diameter was 80% of its modern mean value. Below that figure, Pangea could not be reformed without intra-continental dislocations. Above that figure, gores appeared in the reconstructiond.'

"This should reduce "g" by at least 20 percent. Actually, Owen was carrying on the work started by S. Warren Carey in his book, "The Expanding Earth", published by Elsevier in 1976 in their Developments in Geotectonics series. Later a symposium entitled "The Expanding Earth" was held at the University of Sydney in Australia Feb. 10-14, 1981 and sponsored by the Australian Academy of Science and the proceedings were published under that title. In 1988, Carey published "Theories of the Earth and Universe" through the Stanford Univ. Press. In this book he advances the theory that matter is being created in the center of the earth and that is why the earth is expanding - I've talked to several physicists about this and they see no problem with it. I'm not in a position to make an independent judgement."

"However, if the earth is expanding and Carey is right about the cause, the new material could well be as heavy as iron or heavier and the change in "g" could be more than the 20% that I roughed in. I wrote to Carey several years ago and I'm not sure that he's still alive, but I plan to send him a copy of Holden's paper...

So we see that, aside from every other problem which uniformitarianism is causing students of various disciplines, it forces you to believe in a world-expanding fairy. I have a hard time seeing how that's any whackier than anything which Velikovsky ever had to say.