Egyptian enclosed crescent (prototype cosmic ship) and Babylonian Shamesh petroglyph
The Shamesh glyph is, in fact, the same thing as the familiar Islamic icon which is normally taken to be a star-moon icon. In real life, that cannot happen, i.e. a star will never be seen inside the crescent of the moon, simply because the unlit part of the moon will occult the star.
Egyptian artwork consistently replicates the cosmic alignment shown above as noted in several of the articles on this page. Here, the Mars/Venus alignment shows up on a piece of jewelry (shen-bond).
Images courtesy of Kronia Communications
At this point, the authors of several of the variants of a Saturn thesis have their own WWW sites and generally do a better job of expounding those theories than I can. What I am attempting to provide which those sites do not is a sort of a businessman's big-picture view of the manner in which a number of the various puzzle pieces fit together, including the question of Jaynsian anomalies. My own general estimation of Saturn theory variants at this point is as follow: I believe that Ev Cochrane and David Talbott have done a better job of excavating and describing the Saturn system (the age just prior to ours) than other authors have. Nonetheless, they do not offer a plausible theory of how anything like the Saturn system could have come about in the first place or any sort of a general system of cosmology; Al DeGrazia and Earl Milton do that, and their "Solaria Binaria" is therefore my choice for first book to read on the topic. The fact that it can be had in PDF form for $10 along with twenty some other published works doesn't hurt.
Major WWW sites dealing with the Saturn thesis include:
The Ship of Heaven: Egyptian Iconography and the antique system.
Petroglyphs: Images of the former sun on the walls of caves.
Intimations of an Alien Sky: Article on the antique system (Cardona)
Darkness and the Deep: Dwardu Cardona on the early stages of the antique system
Harold Tresman's Version of this whole business; an article posted to talk.origins, summer 1995. Geological Genesis, (C)1993 Harold Tresman, Chronology & Catastrophism Workshop (ISSN: 0951-5985) August 1993 Number1.
From a dwarf to a giant and back again, over and over: Ev Cochrane on the recurring myth of the warrior-hero who changes his size periodically.
Green Star: Egyptian descriptions of the green sun which they worshipped.
Evidence that serious scholars are at work on the mathematical basis of the Saturn configuration may be viewed at this site.